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Selasa, 07 Desember 2010

Paddy Straw for Straw Pulp (We are providing it)

Paddy Straw
Straw is basic material for making straw pulp.
Generally, nonwood plant fiber pulps can be grouped into two broad categories:

common nonwoods or hardwood substitutes such as paddy straws, sugarcane bagasse, bamboo (shorter fiber species), reeds and grasses, esparto, kenaf (whole stalk or core fiber), corn stalks, sorghum stalks etc.
specialty nonwoods or softwood substitutes such as cotton staple and linters; flax, hemp and kenaf bast fibers; sisal; abaca; bamboo (longer fiber species); hesperaloe etc.
As with wood, there are differing chemical and physical properties within the two groups depending on the nonwood fiber raw material.

Of the common nonwood fibers, paddy straws are the most widely available and the most widely used in the production of pulp and paper. Typically, paddy straw pulp is produced in integrated pulp and paper mills, and softwood kraft or sulfite pulp is added to provide the strength requirements to the paper. However, specialty nonwood pulp may be used instead of softwood kraft or sulfite pulp thus producing a 100% nonwood paper. The possible combinations are endless and can be adjusted to meet market requirements.  

Furthermore, it is possible to add small quantities (up to 20 - 30%) of paddy straw pulp to primarily woodpulp-based papers without impairing paper properties or paper machine runnability. This provides wood-based mills which are hardwood deficient but located within a region with available paddy straw resources with the option of adding-on a straw pulping line to supplement their fiber requirements.

The following table provides some uses for paddy straw pulps in papermaking. It is by no means complete as many other products could be added to the table. Rather this table provides an indication of the many possibilities which are available for the use of paddy straw fiber in papermaking. When reviewing this table, please note:

The paddy straw pulp in the furnish is chemical pulp unless noted otherwise.
The long fiber pulp typically would be kraft or sulfite chemical pulp (or a mixture of the two) made from softwoods, and bleached, semi-bleached or unbleached depending on the type of paper or paperboard. However,  it is possible that one of the specialty nonwood fiber pulps could be used instead of softwood.

Straw Pulp and Long Fiber Virgin Woodpulp
Type of Paper
Straw  (%)
Long Fiber Pulp  (%)
Quality
Bond papers
75 - 85
15 - 25
very good
Bristol boards
90 - 100
0 - 10
excellent
Corrugating medium
90
10
excellent
Glassine
90 - 100
0 - 10
very good
Greaseproof
90 - 100
0 - 10
very good
Lightweight MG wrapping (1)
50 - 60
40 - 50
good
Strawboard
100
0
good
Waxing papers
50 - 60
40 - 50
good
Woodfree printing papers
85 - 90
10 - 15
very good
Woodfree writing papers
85 - 90
10 - 15
very good
Straw Pulp and Wastepaper (2)
Type of Paper
Straw  (%)
Wastepaper (%)
Quality
Chipboard
50 - 80
20 - 50
good
Coarse wrapping
50 - 60
40 - 50
acceptable
Corrugating medium
70 - 80
20 - 30
good
Folder
50 - 70
30 - 50
acceptable
Test liner
50 - 60
40 - 50
acceptable
Notes:  
(1)  Bleached or unbleached.
(2)  May require up to 10% virgin pulp for runnability depending on wastepaper quality and machine speed.

 


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543 enterprise
Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Jl. Caringin 109 Pdl - Bandung +62 22 72223378 543enterprise@gmail.com
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